Novel Non-Phosphorous Antiscalants for Inhibition of Calcium Phosphate and Calcium Sulfate Precipitation
A copolymer of acrylic acid (AA)/allylpolyethoxy carboxylate (APEC) was synthesized, characterized and examined as a non-phosphorous antiscalant for industrial cooling-water. Its ability to prevent calcium phosphate and sulfate precipitation was compared with inhibitory power of acrylic acid (AA)/allylpolyethoxy sulfate (APES) and polyamino polyether methylenephosphonate (PAPEMP). Results indicate that the presence of these antiscalants does reduce the extend of calcium phosphate and sulfate precepitation and AA/APEC exhibits the best performance with 99.59% calcium-phosphate inhibition when the dosage of AA/APEC was 6 mg/L and 82.88% calcium-sulfate inhibition at the dosage of 3 mg/L AA/APEC. AA/APEC has also been proven to be an effective inhibitor for calcium phosphate and calcium sulfate even at elevated solution temperature, pH and Ca2+ concentration.
Zhong Cao, Lixian Sun, Xueqiang Cao, Yinghe He
C. E. Fu et al., "Novel Non-Phosphorous Antiscalants for Inhibition of Calcium Phosphate and Calcium Sulfate Precipitation", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 233-235, pp. 117-123, 2011