Effect of Gas Injection with Multi-hole Orifices on Bubble Behavior during Metal Refining
Cold model experiments have been conducted to make clear the effect of orifices on bubble behavior based on the comparison of 1-hole and 4-hole configurations. It is found that this effect is closely related to the gas flow rate and the orifice configuration. For 1-hole orifices, bubble behavior is influenced by the hole diameter at low gas flow rate. Nevertheless, in the region of high gas flow rate, this effect becomes less obvious. However, bubble behavior is strongly affected even at high gas flow rate when 4-hole orifices are used. It is also shown there exists an optimal distance between holes for 4-hole orifices. Below this value, the hole distance is too small to adequately avoid bubble coalescence in the radial direction. Above this value, little further contribution to avoidance of bubble coalescence can be made, but weight and cost of the orifices will increase.
Zhong Cao, Lixian Sun, Xueqiang Cao, Yinghe He
F. Jiang et al., "Effect of Gas Injection with Multi-hole Orifices on Bubble Behavior during Metal Refining", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 233-235, pp. 1940-1945, 2011