Understanding the Precipitated Calcium Carbonate Flocculation Mechanism Induced by Starch through Population Balance Modeling
The precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) flocculation kinetics and floc structures induced by cationic tapioca starch were recorded by the Malvern Mastersizer 2000 (Malvern Instruments Inc, Malvern, UK). Of particular interest, a population balance model for PCC flocculation was employed to extract the flocculation constants, namely collision efficiency, magnitude of energy dissipation rate and restructuring rate. The model made an attempt to take aggregation, breakage and flocs restructuring into account simultaneously to describe the PCC flocculation by aggregation and breakage mechanism. Through a response surface methodology (RSM) involving a central composite design, the effects of temperature, polymer dosage, ionic strength, and shear rate on flocculation parameters were investigated in this paper.
Zhong Cao, Yinghe He, Lixian Sun and Xueqiang Cao
Y. Z. Sang et al., "Understanding the Precipitated Calcium Carbonate Flocculation Mechanism Induced by Starch through Population Balance Modeling", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 236-238, pp. 1250-1255, 2011