Synthesis of NaY Zeolite Molecular Sieves from Calcined Diatomite
NaY zeolite molecular sieves have been synthesized using diatomite as a main starting material via a hydrothermal method. In this approach, the mixture of diatomite and Na2CO3 in mass ratio of 1.0/1.46 was first calcined at temperature of 830 °C for about 1.5 h. The calcined materials were then dissolved in water to obtain a solution and the composition is 15.1 Na2O : 1 Al2O3 : 11.5 SiO2 : 832 H2O. The solution was used to synthesize NaY zeolite by the crystals seeds (27.76Na2O·1.00Al2O3·25.07SiO2·305.66H2O) via hydrothermal treatment. The hydrothermal temperature is 100 °C and the percentage of added crystal seeds is 10% (volume) relative to calcined materials. The obtained zeolite was identified by X-ray diffraction (XRD), and was characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and nitrogen sorption analysis, which showed that a high yield of NaY type with a high crystalinity was obtained.
Zhong Cao, Yinghe He, Lixian Sun and Xueqiang Cao
J. H. Li et al., "Synthesis of NaY Zeolite Molecular Sieves from Calcined Diatomite", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 236-238, pp. 362-368, 2011