The Investigation of Back-Mixing Particles near Dust Outlet in Cyclone Separator with Tangential Inlet
Based on experimental and computational fluid dynamics analysis, the phenomenon of particle back-mixing near the dust outlet in cyclone separator with tangential inlet was studied. The results show that particle back-mixing appears near the dust outlet geometry. Particle back-mixing can be divided into dust hopper back-mixing and discharge cone back-mixing for different generation mechanism. The upward flow coming from dust hopper, which occupies 17.7% of the inlet gas, can induce dust hopper back-mixing. The particle mass flow rate that caused by dust hopper back-mixing occupies 46.6% of total inlet particle mass flow rate. Precessing vortex core, bias flow and high turbulent intensity near the dust outlet can induce discharge cone back-mixing. For both dust hopper back-mixing and discharge cone back-mixing, particle back-mixing is serious near the dust outlet geometry, which occupies 56.8% of total inlet particle mass flow rate. Particle which is smaller than 18μm can mix backward. The axial distribution of particle concentration decreases sharply in a range of 1.5 D (cyclone diameter) height above the dust discharge port. At last, only 2.6% of back-mixing particles with diameter no bigger than 13μm escape from vortex finder. This effect on separator efficiency increases with the particle diameter decreases.
Zhong Cao, Xueqiang Cao, Lixian Sun, Yinghe He
H. M. Tan et al., "The Investigation of Back-Mixing Particles near Dust Outlet in Cyclone Separator with Tangential Inlet", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 239-242, pp. 2142-2148, 2011