In constant temperature and humidity environment, the properties of shrinkage and creep for a group of plain concrete and reinforced concrete columns were observed in long-term and experimental method. The curves of concrete shrinkage and creep effect with time were obtained. Checking coefficient and type coefficient of shrinkage and creep effect were put forward in order to predict models of shrinkage and creep. Using the least square method, functions of checking coefficient and type coefficient were acquired and the prediction models of shrinkage strain and creep coefficient of concrete were obtained based on the modification of the formula of JTG D62-2004. The foundation is laid for the application of the long-term performance research in bridge structure.