In this paper, FLAC3D, the general software for geotechnical engineering project, is used to conduct two-dimensional numerical simulation for typical shallow tunnel excavation methods which include full-section method, the upper and lower step method, three-step method and CRD method etc.Effects of different excavation methods to the stability of tunnel surrounding rock are analyzed. The paper selected a subsistent tunnel as the research object. With construction simulation of different excavation methods, the paper makes comparative analysis of laws and characteristics of displacement of tunnel surrounding rock , stress distribution and size of plastic zones under different excavation methods. Study shows that: Ι.Followed by two step method, CRD engineering method and the full-section method successively, the three-step method is the best in the aspect of control of surrounding rock stress,; ΙΙ. Followed by full-section method, two- step method and the three step method successively, CRD engineering method is the best,in the aspect of size of plastic zones; Ш. Followed by three-step method, two-step method and the full-section method, CRD construction is the best in the aspect of control of surrounding rock displacement.