The dynamic behavior affected by strain rate effect of the high-rise reinforced concrete shear wall structure subjected to seismic loading are analyzed by finite element software ABAQUS. The damaged plasticity model for concrete was used, and the strain rate effect of concrete and steel were considered. The nonlinear dynamic response results with strain rate effect are compared with the results without strain rate effect. The distribution of strain rate can not only influence the concrete and steel, but also have some effects on the dynamic response of the high-rise reinforced concrete shear wall structure. The strain rate effect is more prominent under the stronger seismic wave.