Influencing Parameters Analysis of Chloride Threshold Value on Reinforcements Embedded in Concrete
The chloride threshold to develop active corrosion of the reinforcing steel does not seem to be a unique value and it depends on several factors, such as concrete mix proportions, cement type, C3A content of cement, blended materials, water/cement ratio, temperature, relative humidity, steel surface conditions and source of chloride penetration among others. Numerous studies have been already devoted to the study of the chloride threshold value for depassivation of the steel embedded in concrete. One of the reasons found for the scatter is the large number of variables that influence the chloride amount for depassivation. The other reason is the lack of accordance for the definition of the chloride threshold itself, either on the determining parameters (visual observation, corrosion potential or corrosion current) or on the expression of the threshold (as[Cl-]/[OH-] ratio or by weight of cement or concrete). The present paper presents chloride thresholds expressed as total, free and [Cl-]/[OH-] ratio.
Guangfan Li, Yong Huang and Chaohe Chen
W. Q. Cao et al., "Influencing Parameters Analysis of Chloride Threshold Value on Reinforcements Embedded in Concrete", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 250-253, pp. 202-206, 2011