Corrosion Behavior of Hot-Dip Galvanized Reinforcing Steel Using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy
Galvanizing on the surface of reinforcing steel is an effective measure to control corrosion of reinforcing concrete structures. The corrosion behaviors of hot-dip galvanized (HDG) reinforcing steel in simulated concrete pore solution (SCP solution) with various pH and chlodride values were investigated using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Two equivalent circuit models corresponding to the corrosion process were proposed and the evolution feature of the corrosion parameters were analyzed. The results show that when the SCP solution was carbonated seriously (pH<11), there is hydrogen evolution phenomenon and the corrosion resistance of HDG reinforcing steel is decreased. A minute carbonation of SCP solution (11.5≤pH<12.5) favors the further passivation of the zinc layer and the corrosion resistance is enhanced. The corrosion rate of HDG reinforcing steel at pH=12.0 is minimal, around 0.59 μm/year, whereas that at pH=12.5 is approximate 1.21 μm/year. In the conditions of pH=12.5 and NaCl concentration no more than 0.5wt.%, the corrosion resistance of the passivation film on HDG reinforcing steel is good. In a serious carbonation case, the corrosion rate is increased greatly with chloride ions.
Guangfan Li, Yong Huang and Chaohe Chen
B. L. Lin and Y. Y. Xu, "Corrosion Behavior of Hot-Dip Galvanized Reinforcing Steel Using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 250-253, pp. 222-227, 2011