Strain Localization of Sand Based on a State-Dependent Critical State Model
A state-dependent critical state model is employed to analyze strain localization of sand in this paper. The sand model is developed based on the concept of the state-dependent critical state for sands, and an analysis of strain localization is performed on the drained plane strain tests of Hostun sand. The results show that the state-dependent critical state model is capable of simulating the effect of initial state on strain localization compatibly.
P. Hu et al., "Strain Localization of Sand Based on a State-Dependent Critical State Model", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 261-263, pp. 1365-1369, 2011