Application of FEM in Investigating Machining Performance
The two biggest problems that often experienced in machining cast iron are poor machinability and high hardness. Up to now, many researchers have investigated machining performance and how to find optimum condition in machining ductile cast iron. This study aims to investigate the machining performance of ductile cast iron and carbide cutting tool using FEM. Performances were evaluated by changing the cutting tool geometries on the machining responses of cutting force, stress, strain, and generated temperature on the workpiece. Deform-3D commercial finite element software was used in this study. Ductile cast iron FCD 500 grade was used as the work piece material and carbide insert DNMA432 type with WC (Tungsten) was used for the cutting tool. The effects of rake and clearance angles were investigated by designing various tool geometries. Various combination of carbide insert geometries were designed using Solid Work to produce +15, +20 and +30 deg for rake angle and 5, 7, 8 and 9 deg for clearance angle. Machining condition for the simulations were remained constant at cutting speed of 200 m/min, feed rate of 0.35 mm/rev, and depth of cut of 0.3 mm. The results of effective-stress, strain and generated temperature on both chip and material surface were analysed. The results show that by increasing the rake angle (α), it will improves the machining performance by reducing the cutting force, stress, strain and generated temperature on surface of workpiece. But, by increasing the clearance angle (γ), it will not affect much to the cutting force, stress, strain and generated temperature on chip.
M.S.J. Hashmi, S. Mridha and S. Naher
H. Yanda et al., "Application of FEM in Investigating Machining Performance", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 264-265, pp. 1033-1038, 2011