Numerical Simulation of a Semi-Confined Slot Turbulent Impinging Jet
A Realizable k-ε turbulence model in conjunction with a standard wall function has been applied to the prediction of a fully-developed two-dimensional jet impinging within a semi-confined space. A single geometry with a Reynolds number of 10,000 and a nozzle –to-plate spacing of eight diameters has been considered at different inlet boundary conditions. The numerical results, including the time-averaged velocities and the turbulent intensity, have been compared with the experimental data reported by Yoshida (ref 5). It is found that the trends in the axial velocity, the radial velocity and the turbulent intensity are fairly predicted. The fully-developed boundary condition is generally better than the constant velocity boundary condition. The differences between the numerical and experimental results can be attributed to the turbulence model and the treatment of the low Reynolds number zone near the wall.
M. B. Wang et al., "Numerical Simulation of a Semi-Confined Slot Turbulent Impinging Jet", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 268-270, pp. 345-350, 2011