A Study of the Effects of Alloying Additions on TCP Phase Formation in 4th Generation Nickel-Base Single-Crystal Superalloys
The demand for higher engine operating temperatures to improve aeroengine efficiency has meant that increasing levels of alloying additions are being added to single-crystal nickel-base superalloys for turbine blades applications. Whilst better mechanical and environmental performance may be obtained with these alloying additions, they also destabilise the alloys forming topologically closed-packed (TCP) phases. In this study, the formation of TCP phases has been studied in a series of four alloys designated LDSX1-4 which have a systematic variation in the levels of Co, Mo and W. The alloys were exposed to elevated temperatures between 900-1100°C for up to 1000 hours. This was followed by detailed analysis of the microstructures in the SEM. Identification of the TCP phases in selected alloys was also carried out. The effects of each alloying addition on TCP phase formation is discussed in light of these results.
H.T. Pang et al., "A Study of the Effects of Alloying Additions on TCP Phase Formation in 4th Generation Nickel-Base Single-Crystal Superalloys", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 278, pp. 54-59, 2011