Effect of HIP Parameters on the Micro-Structural Evolution of a Single Crystal Ni-Based Superalloy
For reducing the porosity of single crystal (SX) nickel-based superalloys, Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) is used. High pressures of about 100-170 MPa lead to local deformation, which close the pores. However, since HIP also requires high temperatures (1000-1200°C) it has a pronounced effect on the microstructure and the local distribution of elements. This contribution analyses the effect of different HIP treatments on both the microstructure and the segregation of the SX superalloy LEK94 in the as-precipitation-hardened state. In addition, the effects of rapid or slow cooling are analyzed. To distinguish the effect of pressure from those of temperature, the HIPed samples are compared with specimens annealed at atmospheric pressure.
I. Lopez-Galilea et al., "Effect of HIP Parameters on the Micro-Structural Evolution of a Single Crystal Ni-Based Superalloy", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 278, pp. 72-77, 2011