The bagasse fibers were activated by alkalize and etherified. 1,2-ethanediamine and carbon disulfide were used to modify the etherify fiber to get the chelate-fiber contained sulfur and nitrogen. The FTIR was used to characterize the xanthated aminating-fiber (XAF). The mechanism of sorption properties for heavy metal ions were studied. As the results shown, the optimal process to prepare the XAF was that the reaction time, concentration of NaOH and dosage of CS2 was 60min, 12% and 2mL, respectively. The chelate-fiber containing sulfur and nitrogen possessed high adsorption capacities for Cu(II) and the mechanism of sorption fitted the pseudo-second-order model well.