Numerical Simulation of Microstructure Evolution of TC6 Alloy Blade during Finish Forging
In order to predict the evolution of microstructure and grain size in TC6 alloy blade finish forging process and optimize the parameters, a series of constitutive equations for dynamic recrystallization and grain growth were developed and implemented into a 3D FE simulator. The grain size has been illustrated for the upsetting of TC6 alloy and the calculated grain size is in a good agreement with the experimental results, which shows that the microstructure prediction tool was validated and reliable. Then the distribution of stress, strain, temperature and microstructure, grain size and deformation has been predicted in TC6 alloy blade forging successfully using the 3D FEM at 930°C deformation temperature, 250°C die temperature and 50mm/s deformation velocity. The results show that the temperature of blade edge is higher than that of center because heat transfer, friction work and deformation work. The equivalent stress and strain have the same distribution as temperature after forging and the refined grain is obtained because of dynamic rescrystallization occurred with larger deformation. The uniform distribution of grain size are obtained in the blade and the shape after finish forging under the condition of technology parameters meet the user’s requirement comparing the calculated deformation with experimental results.
G. X. Qi et al., "Numerical Simulation of Microstructure Evolution of TC6 Alloy Blade during Finish Forging", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 314-316, pp. 405-408, 2011