As a direct and simple method, essential work of fracture has been widely used for fracture measurement of ductile polymers. In this paper, fracture toughness of PC and PC/ABS alloy is experimentally investigated. A series of double edge-notched tension (DENT) specimens and essential work method are employed to measure the fracture toughness of PC and PC/ABS alloy. By the way, the critical crack tip opening displacement is obtained. Moreover, the fracture surfaces of DENT specimens are examined by using a scanning electron microscope (SEM).