Applications of Quantum Dots in Cancer Research
Quantum dots(QDs) usually refers to nanocrystalline materials whose diameter is smaller than the exciton Bohr radius. These materials have quantum size effect,the most significant manifestation is their optical properties change with particle size.The unique optical properties make quantum dots to be Ideal markers for tumor cell tracking and targeting,such as mammary cancer, liver cancer, and melanoma.There are broad prospects in tapping the potential of this highly sensitive technology in serum and other body fluids, so as to increase the early diagnosis rate of tumors.
X. F. Wang et al., "Applications of Quantum Dots in Cancer Research", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 345, pp. 29-34, 2012