The Effects of Low Flow Rate Gas Involvement on Oil-Water Flow in Horizontal Pipes
The experiments were conducted in a horizontal multiphase flow test loop (50mm inner diameter, 40m long) to investigate the flow of oil/water and the influence of an involved gas phase with low flow rate in horizontal pipes, specifically including oil/water flow patterns, cross-section water holdup and pipe flow pressure gradient. The experimental results indicated that the involved gas with low flow rate had a considerable effect on oil/water flow characteristics, which shows the complexity of gas/oil/water three-phase flow. Thus, this effect could not be ignored in design and operation management of oil/gas gathering and transportation system.
Hao Zhang, Yang Fu and Zhong Tang
H. Q. Wang et al., "The Effects of Low Flow Rate Gas Involvement on Oil-Water Flow in Horizontal Pipes", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 354-355, pp. 41-44, 2012