Comparison of Near-Fault Effect Considered in Seismic Design Codes for Building
This paper compares the provisions of near-fault effect factors considered in the representative design codes in the world. It is found that the different codes carry out different near-fault effect values. Chinese, American, and New Zealand seismic design codes clearly present the near-fault effect factors, and Chinese seismic design code relatively presents the smallest near-fault effect values among the three codes. While Japanese code accounts for near-fault effect using empirical method and strong motion evaluation employing earthquake source model. The consideration of the near-fault effects in European Standard is the simplest among the five codes.
Brendan Gan, Yu Gan and Y. Yu
J. Zhou and X. D. Fang, "Comparison of Near-Fault Effect Considered in Seismic Design Codes for Building", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 378-379, pp. 270-273, 2012