Aiming at the complexity of mechanical devices and the polytrope of operating conditions for marine propulsion plant, the modeling and simulation of propeller and dull system are investigated based on MATLAB/Simulink. The simulation model of propeller and dull system is constructed in which the Chebyshev fit expression across four quadrants is given for the propeller. So it becomes practical to express static and dynamic properties of propeller and dull system. A luxury cruises fitted on two engines and two fixed pitch propellers is considered to perform simulation tests. The actual navigation conditions of marine propulsion plant, including starting, parking and reversing etc, are taken into account. The simulation results analysis illustrates the correctness and validity of modeling and simulation for propeller and dull system. Thus provides a new method for the optimization and design of marine propulsion plant.