In this paper, thermo mechanical modelling of cutting process has been developed using a commercially available finite element analysis software, ABAQUS. A 2-D orthogonal cutting has been modelled using Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) formulation. The Johnson-Cook plasticity model has been assumed to describe the material behaviour during the process. This study is aimed at temperature and stresses distributions during machining of AISI 1045 steel with different rake angles; α=0° and α= -10°. The results showed that the maximum stress for 0° and -10° are 963MPa and 967MPa while the maximum temperature results shown that 771°C and 347°C.