Bubble Structures, Fishscaling Resistance and Adhesion of Vitreous Enamel to Low Carbon Steel
The bubble structures, fishscaling resistance, adhesion and its mechanism of vitreous enamel to low carbon steels were evaluated by microscopic methods. The results show that the microalloying elements deteriorates the adhesion but suppress the fishscaling tendency, the enamel-steel interface adhesion could be explained as mainly the mechanical interlocking and chemical bonding during the firing process; the lower carbon substrate causes higher proportion of bigger bubbles in the enamel layer and subsequently causes the lower fishscaling susceptibility.
T. Chandra, M. Ionescu and D. Mantovani
A. W. Zhang et al., "Bubble Structures, Fishscaling Resistance and Adhesion of Vitreous Enamel to Low Carbon Steel", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 409, pp. 736-742, 2012