Improvement of Hydrophobic Properties of the Electrospun PVA Fabrics by SF6 Plasma Treatment
Electrospun fabrics, prepared from 5, 7 and 10%w/v were Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) solutions successfully prepared. The electrospinning condition was 15 kV, distance 15 cm, flow rate of 1 ml/hr and spinning time of 5 hours. Physical properties of electrospun PVA fabrics were analysed by SEM, FE-SEM and contact angle measurement.The contact angle of the electrospun PVA fabrics was 54.5°, characterizing the hydrophilicity of the fabrics. Hydrophobic properties of the electrospun PVA fabrics were improved by plasma treatment using radio frequency inductively coupled plasma (RF-ICP). RF-ICP plasma treatment of the electrospun PVA fabrics were carried out sulphurhexafluorene (SF6) gas with pressure of 0.5 Torr, RF power of 30W and treating time of 30, 60, 90 and 120 seconds. Effects of the PVA solution concentration and plasma treating time on hydrophobicity of the electrospun PVA fabrics were determined by contact angle that result of contact angle of treated fabrics increased when treated time increased and they decreased when concentration of fabrics increased.
A. Thongphud et al., "Improvement of Hydrophobic Properties of the Electrospun PVA Fabrics by SF6 Plasma Treatment ", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 55-57, pp. 625-628, 2008