BaMnTiO3 Synthesized by the Oxalate and Impregnation Methods
Barium titanate (BaTiO3) was synthesized by the oxalate method with the starting precursors as barium chloride and potassium titanium oxalate with mole ratio of 1:1. Precipitate was obtained after adding oxalic acid until the pH of the final solution was 4. The precipitate was milled and calcined at 700 oC for 2h. Mn-doped barium titanate (BaMnTiO3) was prepared by the impregnation method. Barium titanate calcined at 700 oC was mixed with 2 and 4 mole % of Mn from manganese chloride. The mixed powder was calcined at temperatures of 800 oC and 900 oC for 2h. The phase of BaMnTiO3 was studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Hexagonal structure of Ba(Mn0.33Ti0.67)O2.84 was obtained after calcination at 900 oC for 2h with 2 and 4 mole % of Mn. The morphology and chemical composition were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The particle size of Ba(Mn0.33Ti0.67)O2.84 powder was in the range of 50-60 nm with irregular in shape. The elemental composition of barium, manganese, titanium and oxygen showed the characteristic X-ray energy values.
P. Pookmanee et al., "BaMnTiO3 Synthesized by the Oxalate and Impregnation Methods", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 55-57, pp. 81-84, 2008