An overview on parameters influencing the oxidation behaviour of carbon based materials in oxidizing gases is presented in order to support the development of advanced carbon containing materials with high oxidation resistance. Facilities for testing the oxidation behaviour, as operated in FZJ, are explained. Results of exemplary oxidation tests in air at 700°C on diverse new developed materials are presented: Ti and Zr dopings and coatings were found less efficient, whereas Si coatings/dopings significantly reduce oxidation rates. Low oxidation rates of 3D-CFCs without doping/coating, which were manufactured under temperature treatment of > 2200°C and used high purity starting materials, point out the relevance of the latter parameters. Future work on oxidation resistance of carbon based materials is shortly discussed.