Arsenic Immobilization by Biological Scorodite Crystallization: Effect of High Ferric Concentration and Foreign Seeds
Biological scorodite is produced at 80°C and 1g L-1 As5+, using iron oxidizing bacteria Acidianus Sulfidivorans, with a molar ratio Fe/As of 1 and without the use of seeds. We investigated the effect of high ferrous concentration, Fe/As higher than 1, and the use of foreign seeds (gypsum) on biological scorodite crystallization. The use of high ferrous concentrations resulted in a retardation of the time of crystallization due to the high concentration of ferric produced by a high biological oxidation. However, ferrous biological oxidation might be controlled to avoid this effect. The use of seeds did not improve the kinetics of crystallization. Nonetheless, a high arsenic removal rate was observed in the presence of seeds probably as a result of the formation of less stable scorodite.
Edgardo R. Donati, Marisa R. Viera, Eduardo L. Tavani, María A. Giaveno, Teresa L. Lavalle, Patricia A. Chiacchiarini
P. González Contreras et al., "Arsenic Immobilization by Biological Scorodite Crystallization: Effect of High Ferric Concentration and Foreign Seeds", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 71-73, pp. 629-632, 2009