Influence of Zinc-Zirconium Substitution on Magnetic Properties of Ba(ZnZr)xFe12-2xO19 Hexaferrite Prepared by the Molten Salt Method
M-type hexaferrites Ba(ZnZr)xFe12-2xO19 (x=0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5) powders, have been synthesized by molten salt method, where x varies from 0 to 1.5 in steps of 0.5. X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer(VSM) were used to analyze the structures and magnetic properties. The results showed that, the magnetoplumbite structures for all samples calcining at 1100°C have been formed. The magnetic hysteresis loop measurements of the hexagonal ferrites powders showed that the saturation magnetization (Ms), the remanent magnetization (Mr), and the coercitivity (Hc) of ferrites depend strongly on the chemical compositions of materials. The data showed that the max Hc was obtained when substitution of x=1.0 (Hc=63.9 Oe), while the best Ms was obtained when substitution of x=0.5 (Ms=54.02 emu/g). Zn and Zr substitutions greatly modified the magnetic properties of BaM hexaferrite.
Yansheng Yin and Xin Wang
H. F. Li et al., "Influence of Zinc-Zirconium Substitution on Magnetic Properties of Ba(ZnZr)xFe12-2xO19 Hexaferrite Prepared by the Molten Salt Method", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 79-82, pp. 2071-2074, 2009