β-Crystal Development of Isotactic Polypropylene during Sheet Extrusion Process

Abstract:

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The objective of this study is to correlate the crystal structure with material and processing parameters, in particular -nucleating agent and degree of supercooling. The selected -nucleating agent used in this study was “Quinacridone pigment, E3B” with concentration varied from 1 to 100 ppm. The degree of supercooling during sheet extrusion process was controlled by chill roll temperatures in a range of 60 to 115oC. Crystal structures in neat PP and PP-E3B samples were characterized using WAXD and DSC techniques. The selected PP-E3B, with optimum concentration of 5 ppm, was fabricated into sheets using chill roll temperatures of 60, 70, 80, 90, 100, 110 and 115oC; these sheets had -crystal content (K-value) of about 0.099, 0.214, 0.341, 0.430, 0.651, 0.754 and 0.892, respectively. The melting characteristics and physical properties of the nucleated iPP were also dependent upon -crystal content. Finally, it could be concluded that the development of -crystal structure was highly influenced by the concentration of nucleating agent and processing conditions during sheet extrusion.

Info:

Periodical:

Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 93-94)

Edited by:

S. Suttiruengwong and W. Sricharussin

Pages:

655-658

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.93-94.655

Citation:

N. Kerddonfag et al., "β-Crystal Development of Isotactic Polypropylene during Sheet Extrusion Process", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 93-94, pp. 655-658, 2010

Online since:

January 2010

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Price:

$35.00

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