Advanced Materials Research
The subjects covered in this special collection are all related to fatigue, corrosion-fatigue, elastoplastic fracture, damage, mixed-mode loading, brittle layers, the effects of boriding, short cracks, residual strength and many other topics. In all of the cases considered, the solutions obtained are based upon theory, experimental results and, in some cases are complemented by numerical analysis.
This volume presents a selection of over 98 peer-reviewed papers from the 1st International Conference of CSMNT, held on Nov. 19-22, 2008, in P.R. China.
The development of materials designed for application in extreme environments is a very active field of research. In recent years, it has been realized by the materials science community that solutions to demanding applications in different fields can be identified by implementing common materials concepts. Research effort and technological development, driven by application requirements, are now a bridge between apparently separate communities. As first realized by the European Integrated Project “ExtreMat – New Materials for Extreme Applications”, common materials solutions are now being sought and found in the fields of thermal management materials, protective materials, radiation-resistant materials, bonding and interfaces, as well as advanced materials characterization and application-oriented testing.
The technological demands on powder-processing of new materials, and on the associated resources, have reached a particularly prosperous state. Many types of industrial material processed using powder technology become the basis of important new materials, including those used in: building, papermaking, plastics, coatings, energy-use, environmental protection, etc. The cost and quality of raw industrial powder materials have a direct effect upon costs, benefits and market competitivity.
The main theme of this special volume is that of intelligent and smart materials and their application. One particular aim is to encourage the ‘cross-fertilisation’ of these materials with nanomaterials.
Enhancing the surface finish and integrity of engineered components is increasingly important; particularly for the parts used in electronic and optical devices and systems. Significant progress has been made, in recent years, in developing new and advanced surface-finishing technologies as well as acquiring a fundamental understanding of the surface finishing technologies in order to predict, control and optimise surface-finishing processes.
The aim of this special volume was to bring together the latest know-how of academic researchers and industrial engineers and present the latest developments and applications in advanced precision surface finishing and de-burring technologies.
Multiferroic shape-memory alloys that exhibit both ferroelastic and ferromagnetic properties have recently attracted much attention. They belong to the family of so-called “smart materials” and are future-generation materials that are likely to be useful in cutting-edge technologies. Apart from the theoretical challenge of understanding their fascinating properties, the quest to harness them for practical use is also attracting many scientists and engineers from all over the world.