Advanced Materials Research
The development of materials designed for application in extreme environments is a very active field of research. In recent years, it has been realized by the materials science community that solutions to demanding applications in different fields can be identified by implementing common materials concepts. Research effort and technological development, driven by application requirements, are now a bridge between apparently separate communities. As first realized by the European Integrated Project “ExtreMat – New Materials for Extreme Applications”, common materials solutions are now being sought and found in the fields of thermal management materials, protective materials, radiation-resistant materials, bonding and interfaces, as well as advanced materials characterization and application-oriented testing.
The technological demands on powder-processing of new materials, and on the associated resources, have reached a particularly prosperous state. Many types of industrial material processed using powder technology become the basis of important new materials, including those used in: building, papermaking, plastics, coatings, energy-use, environmental protection, etc. The cost and quality of raw industrial powder materials have a direct effect upon costs, benefits and market competitivity.
The main theme of this special volume is that of intelligent and smart materials and their application. One particular aim is to encourage the ‘cross-fertilisation’ of these materials with nanomaterials.
Enhancing the surface finish and integrity of engineered components is increasingly important; particularly for the parts used in electronic and optical devices and systems. Significant progress has been made, in recent years, in developing new and advanced surface-finishing technologies as well as acquiring a fundamental understanding of the surface finishing technologies in order to predict, control and optimise surface-finishing processes.
The aim of this special volume was to bring together the latest know-how of academic researchers and industrial engineers and present the latest developments and applications in advanced precision surface finishing and de-burring technologies.
Multiferroic shape-memory alloys that exhibit both ferroelastic and ferromagnetic properties have recently attracted much attention. They belong to the family of so-called “smart materials” and are future-generation materials that are likely to be useful in cutting-edge technologies. Apart from the theoretical challenge of understanding their fascinating properties, the quest to harness them for practical use is also attracting many scientists and engineers from all over the world.
Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS).
Smart Materials are materials that can respond to environmental stimuli by exhibiting particular changes in some of their properties. Depending upon the change in some external condition, a smart materials can change its own characteristics (mechanical, electrical, appearance), structure, composition and/or response. These materials are usually embedded into systems whose inherent properties change favourably in order to meet performance needs.
This collection comprises 130 selected peer-reviewed papers which address a number of scientific issues underlying the increased global attention paid to mechanical product performance and reliability.
Contributions were received from researchers in 8 different countries. The collection aims to report the latest experimental findings and to promote further theoretical research into mechanical product development and reliability.
This collection comprises 71 peer-reviewed papers which summarise the most recent developments in the fields of advanced materials research and structural integrity.