Functionally Graded Electrode Materials for Thermoelectric Devices
The electrodes for solar thermoelectric modules require high thermal conductivity in the thickness direction and high electrical conductivity in the plane direction; but the whole electrode must be electrically insulated in the thickness direction. To meet such requirements, two material systems of TiB2/AlN/Cu and Cu/AlN/Cu with AlN as a middle layer were designed and studied, because AlN has high thermal conductivity and electrical resistance. The TiB2/AlN/Cu FGMs were fabricated via spark plasma sintering (SPS) method, in which a temperature gradient was achieved by using a specially designed mold. The Cu/AlN/Cu symmetrical FGMs were fabricated by an infiltration-like process using a symmetrical porosity-graded AlN plate as a preform.
J. F. Li and H. Q. Zhang, "Functionally Graded Electrode Materials for Thermoelectric Devices", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 45, pp. 1134-1138, 2006