Estimate Biocompatibility and Injection-Molding Processability of Ti-Based Metallic Glasses for Dental Implant
Recently, Ti-based metallic glasses aim at biomaterials with their high specific strength and superior corrosion resistance. Their high workability also shows a good performance for mass production under the energy saving environment. In this study, we started investigation of the design of Ti-based metallic glasses with the restricted alloying elements for biocompatibility and characteristic evaluation of the optimized Ti-based metallic glasses with higher glass forming ability for dental implants. These Ti-based metallic glasses do not contain Al, V and Ni elements which are well known to be neurotoxicity and cytotoxicity for human body. Current medical reports of impracticability by these elements have been a hot issue in biomaterials science. Newly designed Ti-based metallic glasses exhibit good performances. Especially, the optimized Ti-based metallic glass has high corrosion resistance with better passivity in a wide passivation range in simulated body fluids at 310K. In addition, biocompatibility of Ti-based metallic glass was also evaluated by cell culture in vitro. Excellent biocompatibility of Ti-based metallic glass show high potentials to be applied as biomaterials that necrosis of osteoblast (SaOS2) was not detected in this study.
Pietro VINCENZINI and Danilo DE ROSSI
J. J. Oak et al., "Estimate Biocompatibility and Injection-Molding Processability of Ti-Based Metallic Glasses for Dental Implant", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 57, pp. 216-219, 2008