Solution–combustion is an attractive approach to synthesis of nanomaterials for a variety of applications, including catalysts, fuel cells, and biotechnology. In this paper, several novel methods based on the combustion of a reactive solution are presented. These methods include selfpropagating sol-gel combustion and combustion of impregnated inert and active supports. It was demonstrated that, based on the fundamental understanding of the considered combustion processes, a variety of extremely high surface area materials could be synthesized. The controlling process parameters are defined and discussed. Examples of materials synthesized by the above methods are presented. A continuous technology for production of nanopowders by using the solution combustion approach is also discussed.