Use of Electrothermal Explosion and Electro-Thermal Analyser (ETA-100) for the Study the Kinetics of Fast High-Temperature Reactions in SHS-Ceramic Systems
Due to the lack of specialty kinetic methods and instruments, the kinetics of fast hightemperature reactions SHS-ceramic systems has not been adequately studied. Recently, we have developed a number of methods of so-called non-isothermal kinetics (NIK) and designed instruments allowing one to obtain information about reactions of ceramic systems in a wide range of practically important temperatures and rates. The use of one of the NIK-methods (called electrothermal analysis based on the phenomena of electro thermal explosion) allows one to study kinetics of SHS of some ceramic materials characterized by the total reaction time ~ 10 μs. In ETE, both samples pressed from reagents powders or cylindrical samples made from tightly rolled foils were studied. The joule heating was accompanied by high-speed scanning of the non-stationary temperature field on its surface. Description and technical characteristics of the specialty device electrothermoanalyzer ETA-100 manufactured by ALOFT are given. Kinetic parameters of fast EM reactions for the temperatures up to 3600 K can be measured by ETE method using ETA-100. New kinetic data for fast high-temperature gasless SHS yielding individual and composite materials (including refractory carbides and borides of transition metals, silicon and boron carbides, some refractory oxides and hard alloys) are presented. At high-speed impact of the samples, the reaction rate constants were found to exceed the combustion rate constants (measured by ETA-100) by many orders of magnitude. It was concluded that the kinetic mechanisms of the corresponding fast reactions in the static conditions and under the impact are dramatically different. It was shown that SHS in ETE mode has a significant potential as a modern practical method to be used for welding of refractory and dissimilar materials, production of coarse superabrasives, etc.
Pietro VINCENZINI, Ralf RIEDEL, Alexander G. MERZHANOV and Chang-Chun GE
A.S. Shteinberg and A.A. Berlin, "Use of Electrothermal Explosion and Electro-Thermal Analyser (ETA-100) for the Study the Kinetics of Fast High-Temperature Reactions in SHS-Ceramic Systems", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 63, pp. 203-212, 2010