Solutions for Material Corrosion Problems in MCFC
It is widely recognized that metallic corrosion of the cathode current collector is a key technological problem that must be fully resolved before Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells can be commercialized on a more competitive basis. This paper presents a short overview on the corrosion mitigation strategies that appear more appropriate for MCFC current collectors. As alternative to the current use of the 300-series austenitic stainless steels, specialty high-Mn stainless steels, corrosion-resistant Ni-based alloys and sol-gel coatings of thin conductive spinel or perovskite ceramic layers are seen as the most promising corrosion solutions for the cathode-side environment. The use of basic additives into electrolyte for inhibiting molten carbonate corrosion is a further mitigation option yet with less practical perspectives due to the high constraints on the electrolyte properties. Recent and current studies conducted at ENEA on MCFC corrosion solutions are also mentioned.
Pietro VINCENZINI, Cynthia POWELL, Marco VITTORI ANTISARI, Vincenzo ANTONUCCI and Fausto CROCE
S. Frangini et al., "Solutions for Material Corrosion Problems in MCFC", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 72, pp. 291-298, 2010