Cold Crucible Inductive Melting Technology – Application to Vitrification and Ceramization of High Level and Actinide Wastes
Cold crucible inductive melting is a promising method for production of high-temperature materials. The method is based on direct heating of conductive materials by high-frequency (105-107 Hz) electromagnetic field from an external source. Application of the CCIM to production of vitreous borosilicate and alumino/iron phosphate and ceramic waste forms such as Synroc and its varieties and pyrochlore, murataite and garnet-based ceramics has been successfully demonstrated. Currently a full-scale low level waste vitrification plant based on a 418 mm inner diameter cold crucibles energized from a 1.76MHz/160 kW generators is under operation at SIA Radon. This plant was used for demonstration of feasibility of cold crucible vitrification of Savannah River Site high-iron and high iron/aluminum high level wastes. Numerous ceramic and glass ceramic materials containing high level and actinide waste surrogates such as actinide and actinide/rare earth fractions of high level waste have been successfully produced in the Radon lab- and bench-scale cold crucible based units operated at 5.28 and 1.76 MHz. Large-scale cold crucibles may be applied for vitrification of liquid and solid low and high level wastes whereas small-scale cold crucible may be efficiently used for immobilization of actinide-bearing waste generated from advanced nuclear fuel cycle reprocessing.
Pietro VINCENZINI, Hua-Tay LIN and Kevin FOX
S. V. Stefanovsky et al., "Cold Crucible Inductive Melting Technology – Application to Vitrification and Ceramization of High Level and Actinide Wastes", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 73, pp. 183-193, 2010