Influence of Concentration of Pseudoboehmite Nanofiller on the Thermal and Mechanical Properties in Polystyrene Compounds
Polymeric nanocomposites are hybrid materials, where fillers with nanometric dimensions are dispersed in a polymeric matrix. The fillers have a high surface area, promoting better dispersion in the polymeric matrix and therefore an improvement in physical properties of the composite depending on the homogeneity of the material. In the present work, nanocomposites of polystyrene with different concentrations of pseudoboehmite obtained by a sol-gel process, and treated with octadecylamine were prepared. The nanocomposites were characterized by thermal and mechanical tests. The addition of pseudoboehmite caused a reduction of the melting flow during the production of the composites evidencing the interaction of pseudoboehmite with the polymeric matrix. The addition of pseudoboehmite promoted an increase in the melt flow index, in the the hardness of the nanocomposites obtained, practically does not affect the tensile strength and modulus and the impact strength decreases. The presence of pseudoboehmite causes increase in heat deflection temperature and Vicat softening point and the thermal decomposition occurred at a higher temperature than the pure PS.
L. F. de Miranda et al., "Influence of Concentration of Pseudoboehmite Nanofiller on the Thermal and Mechanical Properties in Polystyrene Compounds", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 97, pp. 11-17, 2017