Calculation of Gas Carburizing Kinetics from Carbon Concentration Profiles based on Direct Flux Integration
Initiated by the need of industry for gas carburizing process control and optimization, this paper focuses on understanding the effect of the time, temperature and carbon potential on the mass transfer coefficient and carbon diffusivity in Austenite. A method for direct flux integration has previously been proposed to calculate these kinetic parameters from the experimental carbon concentration profiles. AISI 8620 steel discs were gas carburized at different levels of atmosphere carburizing potential for selected austenizing temperatures. Analyses of the carburized parts included experimental measurement of weight gain, surface carbon concentration and carbon concentration profiles. The time-dependent weight gain and surface carbon content measurements allowed calculation of the time average mass transfer coefficient, while carbon concentration profiles were used to calculate the concentration dependent carbon diffusivity for selected process parameters. Excellent agreement was found between the calculated mass transfer coefficient and carbon diffusivity values and those reported in the literature. The calculated values served as input in the previously developed carburizing model validating the predicted results by comparison with the experimental concentration profiles.
Prof. Yong Ho Sohn, C. Campbell, D. Lewis and Afina Lupulescu
O. Karabelchtchikova and R. D. Sisson, "Calculation of Gas Carburizing Kinetics from Carbon Concentration Profiles based on Direct Flux Integration", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vol. 266, pp. 171-180, 2007