The problem described in the paper concerns the thermo-physical properties of the green mould material to which the cast iron is most often poured. The study includes the experiment of pouring the cast iron plate into green bentonite-sand mould. The temperature fields of casting and in different zones of the mould were recorded. The goal of the study was to determine the substitute thermo-physical properties of mould sand containing the over-moisture zone by means of simulation tests (inverse problem). An originality of the related research is an attempt to take into account the effects of the global thermal phenomena occurring in the quartz sand bonded by bentonite-water binder, by application of the substitute thermal coefficients without using the coupled modeling. In the simulation tests in order to achieve the effect of rapid heating of the mould (below temperatures 100 °C) by poured cast iron (T>1300 °C), the function of the latent heat source and the modified values of substitute thermal conductivity and substitute specific heat of the molding sand were used. In order to facilitate the solution, the mould was divided into zones, in which different starting humidity of molding sand was assumed.