In this paper, the TiNi fiber reinforced / PC composite material was developed, and then control of the fatigue crack growth due to the shape memory effect was studied. Enhancement of mechanical properties and resistance of deformation of the TiNi fiber reinforced / PC composite were investigated by fatigue experiments. The fatigue behavior and crack propagation were in-situ observed with a SEM servo-pulser (fatigue testing instrument with scanning electron microscope) while increasing temperature. As the results, the fatigue life was improved, and the effectiveness of fatigue resistance was confirmed. The shape memory effect and expansion behavior of the matrix caused by temperature increasing examined the effect of the fatigue crack propagation control. It was verified that the control of fatigue crack growth is attributed to the compressive stress field in the matrix due to shrinkage of the TiNi fibers above austenitic finishing temperature (Af).