A Study of Biodegradable Superabsorbent Materials Based on Acrylonitrile Grafted Sodium Alginate
Biodegradable superabsorbents, hydrolyzed AN(acrylonitrile)-grafted-SA(sodium alginate) copolymers were prepared in this study by graft copolymerization of acrylonitrile on sodium alginate and the subsequent hydrolysis of the resulting grafted copolymer. The absorbency was found to significantly depend on the % add-on, graft copolymerization conditions and hydrolysis conditions. The optimum condition for graft copolymerization to obtain the maximum % add-on (64.5%) was 4g SA, 12g AN, and 8.42g H2O2 in 100ml water at 70 oC for 10hr., respectively. The optimum hydrolysis conditions for the graft copolymer (64.5 % add-on) to reach the maximum water absorbency (2518g/g), saline absorbency (1558g/g), and WRV (288g/g) is 1g graft copolymer in 10 ml aqueous NaOH (1.0N) at 110 oC for 1 hr. Furthermore, this hydrolyzed AN-graft-SA showed a good biodegradability in enzymatic hydrolysis tests when compared with commercial superabsorbent materials.
Kwang Hwa Chung, Yong Hyeon Shin, Sue-Nie Park, Hyun Sook Cho, Soon-Ae Yoo, Byung Joo Min, Hyo-Suk Lim and Kyung Hwa Yoo
Y. H. Lee et al., "A Study of Biodegradable Superabsorbent Materials Based on Acrylonitrile Grafted Sodium Alginate ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 277-279, pp. 450-454, 2005