Zinc-Containing Calcium Phosphate Ceramics with a (Ca+Zn)/P Molar Ratio of 1.67
Zinc-containing calcium phosphate ceramics with a (Ca+Zn)/P molar ratio of 1.67 (ZnHAP ceramics) were synthesized to clarify the main phase for zinc release. ZnHAP ceramics with a zinc content at or more than 0.20 wt% contained zinc-containing tricalcium phosphate. The ion activity product of monophasic ZnHAP ceramic containing at or less than 0.13 wt% of zinc corresponded to that of pure HAP ceramic. The presence of tricalcium phosphate (TCP) phases was necessary condition for ZnHAP ceramics to release zinc. The coexistence of TCP phases in the ZnHAP ceramics meant that a phase with a (Ca+Zn)/P molar ratio higher than 1.67 also coexisted. Although the phase was assumed to be zinc oxide, zinc was not concentrated anywhere in the ZnHAP ceramics including grain boundaries.
Panjian Li, Kai Zhang and Clifford W. Colwell, Jr.
Y. Sogo et al., "Zinc-Containing Calcium Phosphate Ceramics with a (Ca+Zn)/P Molar Ratio of 1.67", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 284-286, pp. 31-34, 2005