Amorphous Calcium Phosphate Based Polymeric Composites: Effects of Polymer Composition and Filler's Particle Size on Composite Properties
This study explores how a) the resin grafting potential for amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) and b) particle size of ACP affects physicochemical properties of composites. Copolymers and composites were evaluated for biaxial flexure strength (BFS), degree of vinyl conversion (DC), mineral ion release and water sorption (WS). Milled ACP composites were superior to unmilled ACP composites and exhibited 62 % and 77 % higher BFS values (dry and wet state, respectively). The average DC of copolymers 24 h after curing was 80 %. DC of composites decreased 10.3 % for unmilled Zr-ACP and 4.6 % for milled Zr-ACP when compared to the corresponding copolymers. The WS increased as follows: copolymers < milled Zr-ACP composites < unmilled Zr-ACP composites. The levels of Ca and PO4 released from both types of composites increased with the increasing EBPADMA/TEGDMA ratio in the matrix. They were significantly above the minimum necessary for the redeposition of HAP to occur. No significant consumption of released calcium by the carboxylic groups of methacryloxyethyl phtahalate (MEP) occurred at a mass fraction of 2.6 % of MEP in the resin. Improvements in ACP composite’s physicochemical properties are achieved by fine tuning of the resin and improved ACP’s dispersion within the polymer matrix after ball-milling.
Panjian Li, Kai Zhang and Clifford W. Colwell, Jr.
D. Skrtic et al., "Amorphous Calcium Phosphate Based Polymeric Composites: Effects of Polymer Composition and Filler's Particle Size on Composite Properties ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 284-286, pp. 737-740, 2005