In Vivo Chondrogenesis of BMSCs at Non-Chondrogenesis Site by Co-Transplantation of BMSCs and Chondrocytes with Pluronic as Biomaterial
Bone Marrow Stromal Cells (BMSCs) have chondrogenesis potential if chondrogenic environments or factors are provided. This study tests the hypothesis that chondrocytes can promote BMSC chondrogenesis at non-chondrogensis site. Porcine BMSCs and auricular chondrocytes were mixed at different ratios and 2.5×107 mixed cells were resuspended in 0.5 ml 30％ Pluronic, and then the mixture was injected into nude mice subcutaneously as experimental groups. Chondrocytes or BMSCs at the same cell number were mixed with 0.5 ml Pluronic and injected respectively as controls. 2.5×107 chondrocytes were mixed and injected as low concentration chondrocyte control. 8 weeks later, all specimens in experimental groups and chondrocyte group formed mature cartilage with abundant collagen II expression. Mature lacuna structures and metachromatic matrices were also observed in these specimens with the same level of GAG contents. Average wet weight of specimens in experimental groups was over 70% of that in chondrocyte group. In contrast, specimens in BMSC group showed mainly fibrous tissue. Only a small amount of cartilage was formed in specimens of low concentration chondrocyte group and the average wet weight was below 30% of that in chondrocyte group. These results demonstrate that chondrocytes can provide chondrogenic microenvironment and thus promote in vivo chondrogenesis of BMSCs at non-chondrogenesis sites. It also indicates that Pluronic is an ideal injectable biomaterial for cartilage tissue engineering.
Xingdong Zhang, Junzo Tanaka, Yaoting Yu and Yasuhiko Tabata
G. D. Zhou et al., "In Vivo Chondrogenesis of BMSCs at Non-Chondrogenesis Site by Co-Transplantation of BMSCs and Chondrocytes with Pluronic as Biomaterial", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 288-289, pp. 3-6, 2005