Immobilization of Albumin and Heparin on the Surface of Ti-O Films for Improving Blood Compatibility
Aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTE) was covalently interacted with hydroxyl on the surface of Ti-O films prepared by magnetron sputtering, and albumin and heparin were immobilized on the APTE-coated surface with addition of 1-ethyl-3- (3-dimethyl aminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) as cross-link agent. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was used to investigate the modified surface. Contact angle results indicate that there was an increase in the contact angle to the surface of APTE-coated Ti-O films, and a decrease in the contact angle to the surface of albuminand heparin-immobilized surfaces. Blood platelet adhesion in vitro was improved significantly after immobilization of albumin and heparin on Ti-O films. Endothelial cell (EC) culture tests showed that EC could grow on the surface of Ti-O films immobilized with albumin and heparin, but the growth and proliferation behavior of endothelial cells was not as good as on naked Ti-O films. This investigation showed that the surface of bio-inert inorganic materials immobilized with biological molecules is feasible and effective for improving the blood compatibility.
Xingdong Zhang, Junzo Tanaka, Yaoting Yu and Yasuhiko Tabata
F. J. Jing et al., "Immobilization of Albumin and Heparin on the Surface of Ti-O Films for Improving Blood Compatibility", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 288-289, pp. 303-306, 2005