Critical Temperatures for Initiating and Arresting Delayed Hydride Cracking in a Zr-2.5Nb Pressure Tube
The hydrogen concentration limit and critical temperatures for a delayed hydride cracking (DHC) in zirconium alloys have been reanalyzed using Kim’s DHC model that a driving force for DHC is not the stress gradient but the supersaturated hydrogen concentration or ∆C arising from a hysteresis of the terminal solid solubility on a heating and on a cooling. The DHC initiation occurs generally at the temperatures corresponding to the terminal solid solubility for precipititation (TSSP), demonstrating that the supercooling from the terminal solid solubility for dissolution (TSSD) is required to initiate the DHC. The DHC arrest temperatures correspond to the temperatures where the ∆C is reduced to zero. Therefore, we conclude that the ∆C is the driving force for the DHC and that the Kim’s DHC model is feasible.
Young-Jin Kim, Dong-Ho Bae and Yun-Jae Kim
Y. S. Kim et al., "Critical Temperatures for Initiating and Arresting Delayed Hydride Cracking in a Zr-2.5Nb Pressure Tube ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 297-300, pp. 1685-1690, 2005