On the basis of analyzing the brittleness, ductileity, and the removal mechanisms of the^nano-ZrO2 Ceramics, the critical ductile grinding depth formula of the nano-ceramics was established. Due to superductileity of the nano-ZrO2 ceramics, it couldn’t apply the formula of the common engineering ceramic material according to experimental results. The value of material coefficient ζ has relations with not only the material characteristics but also the processing methods and the processing parameters. It was proved that ζ has great effects on the accuracy of theoretical calculation. Experimental results showed that the critical ductility grinding depth of the nano-ZrO2 ceramics is up to 12 µm in common grinding methods, while in ultrasonic grinding is up to 20µm. The grinding chips with and without ultrasonic vibration assistance were discussed.