Design and Test of Flapping Device Mimicking Insect Flight
This paper addresses detail design and demonstration of an insect-mimicking flappingwing mechanism composed of LIPCA (Lightweight Piezo-Composite Actuator) and linkage system that can amplify the actuation displacement of LIPCA. The angular amplification of the linkage system can provide various flapping angles by adjusting the actuation point of the LIPCA. The device can generate flapping frequency ranging from 5 to 50 Hz depending on weight of the wing and linkages. Flapping tests using different wing mass, area, and aspect ratio were performed to investigate the flapping performance. The test results were described and compared with the estimation. It was found that changes in wing mass, area, and aspect ratio result in significant variation of natural flapping-frequency.
Ichsan Setya Putra and Djoko Suharto
M. Syaifuddin et al., "Design and Test of Flapping Device Mimicking Insect Flight", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 306-308, pp. 1163-1168, 2006