Electrovector Effect of Polarized and Chemically Treated Na2O-CaO-P2O5-SiO2-Al2O3 Bioglasses
Na2O-CaO-P2O5-SiO2-Al2O3 (NCPSA) glass was investigated in its electrical polarizability by complex impedance and thermally stimulated depolarization current (TSDC) measurements. Moreover, the NCPSA glass was also subjected to a chemical treatment for bioactivity improvement. The effects of the electrical polarization and the chemical treatment on apatite formability of NCPSA glass were investigated by immersion test using simulated body fluid. From the result of complex impedance measurements, the activation energies for electrical conductivities NCPSA glass was 1.1eV. From the TSDC measurements, the polarized NCPSA glass showed monotonically increasing curves in depolarization current density spectra. The stored electrical charge calculated from TSDC measurements of the NCPSA glass polarized with electrical dc field of 2kV･cm-1 at 600°C for 1h was 4.91 mC･cm-2. The NCPSA glass treated with 1M NaOH indicated apatite formability in SBF and exhibited bioactivity. We disclosed that the combination of electropolarization and chemical treatment changed the apatite formability of the NCPSA glass in SBF, consequently, improved the bioactivity of the glass.
Takashi Nakamura, Kimihiro Yamashita and Masashi Neo
T. Sasaki et al., "Electrovector Effect of Polarized and Chemically Treated Na2O-CaO-P2O5-SiO2-Al2O3 Bioglasses", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 309-311, pp. 337-340, 2006